Transport Maritime et CO2
Transport Maritime et CO2
Transitaire CERL

The 175 member countries of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) have agreed to reduce the emissions from the maritime transport sector to zero by 2050.

This agreement, seen as crucial for slowing global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius relative to the pre-industrial era, aims to bring maritime transport emissions to a net-zero level “around” 2050. This deadline was agreed to account for the “different circumstances of each country.”

A step-by-step reduction of greenhouse gases

Specifically, this agreement signed on Friday, July 7th in London aims for a common ambition to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to zero. To achieve this, milestones have been set:

  1. To aim for a reduction of at least 20% of total annual GHG emissions from international maritime transport, with an ideal target of 30% by 2030, referring to 2008 levels.
  2. Strive to decrease total annual GHG emissions from international maritime transport by at least 70%, with an optimal reduction goal of 80% by 2040, compared to 2008.

Source: IMO’s 2023 Strategy for reducing GHG emissions from ships

In addition, IMO member nations have committed to transitioning to almost or entirely zero-GHG emission alternative fuels by 2030. Although they currently account for only 5% of the energy used by international maritime transport, the 2023 Strategy aims to double this proportion, bringing it to 10% in the next seven years.

Kitack Lim, Secretary-General of the IMO, stated on Friday that the agreement “in many ways represents a starting point for work that will need to be stepped up in the years and decades to come.”

The agreement was hailed by the German government, noting that it represented an “important step in ensuring that international maritime transport contributes its fair share to achieving the temperature goals of the Paris Agreement.”

A Strategy Based on IMO’s Ongoing Efforts

The International Maritime Organization (IMO)’s 2023 Strategy on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from ships aligns with the body’s ongoing efforts.

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